Skip to main content

Changes in College Attendance by State and Ethnicity, 2005-2015

Note: If you haven't read my post about the 2016 election results and educational attainment, it might be of interest to read that first.  Or later.  Or not at all. Your choice.

This started simply enough: A couple of tables from the Digest of Education Statistics, (tables 302.65 and 302.70) showing the percentage of adults aged 18-24 who were attending a degree-granting college by state and ethnicity in 2005 and 2015.  If you've read this blog enough, you know I have a love/hate relationship with the digest: Great data, but horrible formatting.  The tables are made to be printed on a single 8" x 11" sheet and handed out.  The crucial distinction between data and insight is lost.

Regardless, I reformatted the sheets into something workable for Tableau, and started to look at them. I wasn't having much luck: Some of the states didn't have data on African-American students, for instance, in 2005.  The variable for "Asian/Pacific Islander" was relatively new then, and only a few states had that data available.  Beyond that, I was looking to add some color-coding into the visualization to help make a point, and it wasn't going well.

But I've been fascinated since the election by some of the tweets and writing of Chris Arnade and Sarah Kendzior, who are thinking about what the election results mean in "flyover land."  And my blog post about the election results and attainment has stuck with me, mostly because of the reaction people had to it.

So I colored the states by the 2016 election results, and it got more interesting, as you can perhaps see below.

It's easy for us to look at things like this and chalk it up to "uneducated people voted for Trump." While that may technically be true, leaving it at that makes it too convenient for us in higher education to forget that educational attainment is only partially something you earn; it's also something you're born into.  Some of the ten charts on this post might make that clearer.

This can also, of course, be a post about urban and rural, divides. The division in our country might be as much about opportunity as it is about attainment.  If history tells us anything, it's that people start to rebel when they feel they don't have a chance via any other path.

So as we look at the current reality, the question, as always, remains: What are we doing to change the future?



Comments

Popular posts from this blog

2018 Admissions Data

This is always a popular post, it seems, and I've had a couple of people already ask when it was going to be out.  Wait no more.

This is IPEDS 2018 admissions data, visualized for you in two different ways.  You can switch using the tabs across the top.

The first view is the universe of colleges and universities that report data; not every college is required to, and a few leave data out, and test optional colleges are not supposed to report test scores.  But IPEDS is not perfect, so if you find any problems, contact the college.

On the first view, you'll see 1,359 four-year private and public, not-for-profit institutions displayed.  In order to make this as clean as possible, I've taken out some specialty schools (nursing, business, engineering, etc.) as many of those don't have complete data.  But you can put them back in using the filter at top right.

Hover over any bar, and a little chart pops up showing undergraduate enrollment by ethnicity.

You can also choose to…

So you think you're going back to the SAT and ACT?

Now that almost every university in the nation has gone test-optional for the 2021 cycle out of necessity, a nagging question remains: How many will go back to requiring tests as soon as it's possible?  No one knows, but some of the announcements some colleges made sounded like the kid who only ate his green beans to get his screen time: They did it, but they sure were not happy about it.  So we have some suspicions about the usual suspects.I don't object to colleges requiring tests, of course, even though I think they're not very helpful, intrinsically biased against certain groups, and a tool of the vain.  You be you, though, and don't let me stop you.However, there is a wild card in all of this: The recent court ruling prohibiting the University of California system from even using--let alone requiring--the SAT or ACT in admissions decisions next fall.  If you remember, the Cal State system had already decided to go test blind, and of course community colleges in th…

Another 1000 Words and Ten Charts on First-generation, Low-income, and Minority Students

I have always enjoyed writing, and I consider this and my other blog like a hobby.  Usually, I spend no more than 45 minutes on any post, as I don't make my living by writing, and my blogs are not "monetized." But once in a while, an opportunity presents itself to write for a wider audience, and that's when I see what it takes to make a living putting words to paper. That happened this week.

You may have seen my opinion piece in the Chronicle of Higher Education. If not, you can read it first, read it last, or not at all; I think both this and that stand alone, despite their relationship.  In the end, we ended up with about 40% of my first draft, which is what happens when you write for a print publication. And of course, a print publication makes interactive charts, well, difficult.

I think there is more to say on the topic, because the similarities in recruitment challenges for first-generation, low-income, and minority students tend to look a lot alike, and the mo…